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Windows Commands and Shoutcuts

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Windows Commands and Shoutcuts

Post by uMar on Wed 6 Apr - 12:20

[b]Windows Commands and Shortcuts


calc - Calculator
cfgwiz32 - ISDN Configuration Wizard
charmap - Character Map
chkdisk - Repair damaged files
cleanmgr - Cleans up hard drives
clipbrd - Windows Clipboard viewer
cmd - Opens a new Command Window (cmd.exe)
control - Displays Control Panel
dcomcnfg - DCOM user security
debug - Assembly language programming tool
defrag - Defragmentation tool
drwatson - Records programs crash & snapshots
dxdiag - DirectX Diagnostic Utility
explorer - Windows Explorer
fontview - Graphical font viewer
ftp - http://ftp.exe program
hostname - Returns Computer's name
ipconfig - Displays IP configuration for all network adapters
jview - Microsoft Command-line Loader for Java classes
MMC - Microsoft Management Console
msconfig - Configuration to edit startup files
msinfo32 - Microsoft System Information Utility
nbtstat - Displays stats and current connections using NetBios over TCP/IP
netstat - Displays all active network connections
nslookup - Returns your local DNS server
odbcad32 - ODBC Data Source Administrator
ping - Sends data to a specified host/IP
regedit - registry Editor
regsvr32 - register/de-register DLL/OCX/ActiveX
regwiz - Reistration wizard
sfc /scannow - Sytem File Checker
sndrec32 - Sound Recorder
sndvol32 - Volume control for soundcard
sysedit - Edit system startup files (config.sys, autoexec.bat, win.ini, etc.)
systeminfo - display various system information in text console
taskmgr - Task manager
telnet - Telnet program
taskkill - kill processes using command line interface
tskill - reduced version of Taskkill fromWindows XP Home
tracert - Traces and displays all paths required to reach an internet host
winchat - simple chat program for Windowsnetworks
winipcfg - Displays IP configuration

Management Console Commands

certmgr.msc - Certificate Manager
ciadv.msc - Indexing Service
compmgmt.msc - Computer management
devmgmt.msc - Device Manager
dfrg.msc - Defragment
diskmgmt.msc - Disk Management
fsmgmt.msc - Folder Sharing Management
eventvwr.msc - Event Viewer
gpedit.msc - Group Policy -XP Pro only
iis.msc - Internet Information Services
lusrmgr.msc - Local Users and Groups
mscorcfg.msc - Net configurations
ntmsmgr.msc - Removable Storage
perfmon.msc - Performance Manager
secpol.msc - Local Security Policy
services.msc - System Services
wmimgmt.msc - Windows Management


access.cpl - Accessibility Options
hdwwiz.cpl - Add New Hardware Wizard
appwiz.cpl - Add/Remove Programs
timedate.cpl - Date and Time Properties
desk.cpl - Display Properties
inetcpl.cpl - Internet Properties
joy.cpl - Joystick Properties
main.cpl keboard - Keyboard Properties
main.cpl - Mouse Properties
ncpa.cpl - Network Connections
ncpl.cpl - Network Properties
telephon.cpl - Phone and Modem options
powercfg.cpl - Power Management
intl.cpl - Regional settings
mmsys.cpl sounds - Sound Properties
mmsys.cpl - Sounds and Audio Device Properties
sysdm.cpl - System Properties
nusrmgr.cpl - User settings
firewall.cpl - Firewall Settings (sp2)
wscui.cpl - Security Center (sp2)

Windows Environment Commands

%ALLUSERSPROFILE% - Open the All User's Profile
%HomeDrive% - Opens your home drive e.g. C:
%UserProfile% - Opens you User's Profile
%temp% Opens - Temporary file Folder
%systemroot% - Opens Windows folder
Wupdmgr - Takes you to Microsoft Windows Update

General keyboard shortcuts

CTRL C -Copy
CTRL Z -Undo
DELETE -Delete
SHIFT DELETE -Delete the selected item permanently
CTRL while dragging an item-Copy the selected item
F2 key -Rename the selected item
CTRL RIGHT ARROW -Move insertion point to beginning of the next word
CTRL LEFT ARROW -Move insertion point to beginning of the previous word
CTRL DOWN ARROW -Move insertion point to beginning of the next paragraph
CTRL SHIFT with any of the arrow keys -Highlight a block of text
CTRL UP ARROW -Move insertion point to beginning of the previous paragraph
SHIFT with any of the arrow keys -Select more than one item in a window
CTRL A -Select all
F3 key -Search for a file or a folder
ALT ENTER -View the properties for the selected item
ALT F4 -Close the active item, or quit the active program
ALT ENTER -Display the properties of the selected object
ALT SPACEBAR -Open the shortcut menu for the active window
CTRL F4 -Close the active document from multiple documents
ALT TAB -Switch between the open items
ALT ESC -Cycle through items in the order that they had been opened
F6 key -Cycle through the screen elements in a window
F4 key -Display the Address bar list in My Computer
SHIFT F10 -Display the shortcut menu for the selected item
ALT SPACEBAR -Display the System menu for the active window
CTRL ESC -Display the Start menu
ALT Underlined letter -Display the corresponding menu
Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu (Perform the corresponding command)
F10 key -Activate the menu bar in the active program
RIGHT ARROW -Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu
LEFT ARROW -Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu
F5 key -Update the active window
BACKSPACE -View the folder one level up in Windows Explorer
ESC -Cancel the current task
SHIFT while inserting CD -Prevent the CD-ROM from automatically playing
CTRL SHIFT ESC -Open Task Manager Dialog box keyboard shortcuts

If you press SHIFT F8 in extended selection list boxes, you enable extended selection mode. In this mode, you can use an arrow key to move a cursor without changing the selection. You can press CTRL SPACEBAR or SHIFT SPACEBAR to adjust the selection. To cancel extended selection mode, press SHIFT F8 again. Extended selection mode cancels itself when you move the focus to another control.

CTRL TAB -Move forward through the tabs
CTRL SHIFT TAB -Move backward through the tabs
TAB -Move forward through the options
SHIFT TAB -Move backward through the options
ALT Underlined letter -Perform the corresponding command
ENTER -Perform the command for the active option or button
SPACEBAR -Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box
Arrow keys -Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons
F1 key -Display Help
F4 key -Display the items in the active list
BACKSPACE -Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As

Microsoft natural keyboard shortcuts

Windows Logo BREAK -Display the System Properties dialog box
Windows Logo D -Display the desktop
Windows Logo M -Minimize all of the windows
Windows Logo SHIFT M -Restore the minimized windows
Windows Logo E -Open My Computer
Windows Logo F -Search for a file or a folder
CTRL Windows Logo F -Search for computers
Windows Logo F1 -Display Windows Help
Windows Logo L -Lock the windows
Windows Logo R -Open the Run dialog box
Windows Logo U -Open Utility Manager)

Accessibility keyboard shortcuts

Right SHIFT for 8 seconds -Switch FilterKeys either on or off
Left ALT left SHIFT PRINT SCREEN -Switch High Contrast either on or off
Left ALT left SHIFT NUM LOCK -Switch the MouseKeys either on or off
SHIFT five times -Switch the StickyKeys either on or off
NUM LOCK for 5 seconds -Switch the ToggleKeys either on or off
Windows Logo U -Open Utility Manager

Windows Explorer keyboard shortcuts

END -Display the bottom of the active window
HOME -Display the top of the active window
NUM LOCK Asterisk (*) -Display all of the subfolders that are under the selected folder
NUM LOCK Plus sign ( ) -Display the contents of the selected folder
NUM LOCK Minus sign (-) -Collapse the selected folder
LEFT ARROW -Collapse current selection if expanded, or select parent folder
RIGHT ARROW -Display current selection if collapsed, or select first subfolder

Shortcut keys for Character Map

After you double-click a character on the grid of characters, you can move through the grid by using the keyboard shortcuts
RIGHT ARROW -Move to the right or to the beginning of the next line
LEFT ARROW -Move to the left or to the end of the previous line
UP ARROW -Move up one row
DOWN ARROW -Move down one row
PAGE UP -Move up one screen at a time
PAGE DOWN -Move down one screen at a time
HOME -Move to the beginning of the line
END -Move to the end of the line
CTRL HOME -Move to the first character
CTRL END -Move to the last character
SPACEBAR -Switch Enlarged or Normal mode when a character is selected

Microsoft Management Console (MMC) main window keyboard shortcuts

CTRL O -Open a saved console
CTRL N -Open a new console
CTRL S -Save the open console
CTRL M -Add or remove a console item
CTRL W -Open a new window
F5 key -Update the content of all console windows
ALT SPACEBAR -Display the MMC window menu
ALT F4 -Close the console
ALT A -Display the Action menu
ALT V -Display the View menu
ALT F -Display the File menu
ALT O -Display the Favorites menu

MMC console window keyboard shortcuts

CTRL P -Print the current page or active pane
ALT Minus sign (-) -Display the window menu for the active console window
SHIFT F10 -Display the Action shortcut menu for the selected item
F1 key -Open the Help topic, if any, for the selected item
F5 key -Update the content of all console windows
CTRL F10 -Maximize the active console window
CTRL F5 -Restore the active console window
ALT ENTER -Display the Properties dialog box, if any, for the selected item
F2 key -Rename the selected item
CTRL F4 -Close the active console window. When a console has only one console window, this shortcut closes the console

Remote desktop connection navigation

CTRL ALT END -Open the Microsoft Windows NT Security dialog box
ALT PAGE UP -Switch between programs from left to right
ALT PAGE DOWN -Switch between programs from right to left
ALT INSERT -Cycle through the programs in most recently used order
ALT HOME -Display the Start menu
CTRL ALT BREAK -Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen
ALT DELETE -Display the Windows menu
CTRL ALT Minus sign (-) -Place a snapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality aspressing ALT PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.
CTRL ALT Plus sign ( ) -Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing PRINT SCREEN on a local computer.

Microsoft Internet Explorer navigation

CTRL B -Open the Organize Favorites dialog box
CTRL E -Open the Search bar
CTRL F -Start the Find
CTRL L -Open the Open dialog box
CTRL N -Start another instance of thebrowser with the Web address
CTRL O -Open the Open dialog box, the same as CTRL L
CTRL R -Update the current Web page
CTRL CTRL P -Open the Print dialog box
W -Close the current window
CTRL H -Open the History bar
utilityCTRL I -Open the Favorites bar

Note: Some keyboard shortcuts may not work if StickyKeys is turned on in Accessibility Options; some of the Terminal Services client shortcuts that are similar to the shortcuts in Remote Desktop Sharing are not available when you use Remote Assistance inWindows XP Home Edition.
Microsoft Office commands
If the Microsoft Office is installed you can use following run commands to run its components:

winword –Microsoft Word
excel –Microsoft Excel
powerpnt –Microsoft PowerPoint
msaccess –Microsoft Access
outlook –Microsoft Outlook
ois –Microsoft Picture Manager

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